One of the most well-known olive varieties is the Greek Kalamata. It has an eye-catching rich reddish-purple fruit. Kalamata olives are big, as is the foliage, which has torpedo skin and split. They have a delicate, fruity taste that is somewhat bitter. It grows best on ordinary, slightly alkaline, well-drained soils, but it is quite adaptable. Water deeply and frequently throughout the first few growing seasons to create a broad root system. Reduce frequency once established; tolerates drought. Protect immature plants from severe temperatures.