Seasonal Gardening Guide: What to Plant and When in Australia 2024

Last updated 28/0/24

Australia's diverse climate zones require careful planning for seasonal gardening. Knowing what to plant and when is crucial for ensuring a vibrant and productive garden year-round. This guide will help you navigate the seasonal nuances to optimize your gardening efforts. For high-quality plants suited to every season, visit Wholesale Plants.

Summer Planting

Summer in Australia is typically hot and dry, presenting unique challenges for gardeners. Choosing heat-tolerant plants is key to maintaining a thriving garden during the summer months.

Best Plants for Summer:

  • Tomatoes: These sun-loving plants are ideal for summer. Varieties like 'Roma' and 'Cherry' can yield abundant crops.
  • Zinnias: Bright and colorful, zinnias can withstand intense sunlight and heat.
  • Basil: This aromatic herb thrives in warm weather and can be a delightful addition to your summer dishes.

Tips for Summer Plant Care:

  • Watering: Water plants early in the morning or late in the evening to reduce evaporation and keep soil moist.
  • Mulching: Apply mulch to retain soil moisture and control weeds.
  • Shade Protection: Use shade cloth or relocate potted plants to shield them from the harsh midday sun.

Autumn Planting

Autumn is a transitional season, perfect for planting cool-season crops and flowers that prefer milder temperatures.

Top Plants for Autumn:

  • Broccoli: Plant broccoli in early autumn for a winter harvest. It thrives in cooler temperatures.
  • Pansies: These hardy flowers provide a burst of color and can withstand cooler nights.
  • Spinach: Fast-growing and packed with nutrients, spinach is ideal for autumn gardens.

Preparing for Autumn:

  • Soil Enrichment: Add compost or organic matter to replenish nutrients after the summer growing season.
  • Pest Control: Keep an eye out for autumn-specific pests, such as caterpillars and aphids, and employ organic pest control measures.
  • Planting Depth: Ensure seeds and transplants are planted at the correct depth to protect roots from cooling temperatures.

Winter Planting

Despite the cooler weather, winter gardening in Australia can be fruitful with the right plant choices and care strategies.

Best Winter Plants:

  • Kale: This leafy green is frost-tolerant and can be harvested throughout the winter.
  • Garlic: Plant garlic cloves in winter for a mid-summer harvest that brings robust flavor to your cooking.
  • Hellebores (Winter Roses): These beautiful blooms can brighten up the winter garden and require minimal care.

Winter Care Tips:

  • Covering: Protect sensitive plants with frost cloth or burlap on frosty nights.
  • Watering: Water plants during the day to prevent soil from freezing overnight.
  • Mulching: Add an extra layer of mulch to insulate plant roots and conserve soil moisture.

Spring Planting

Spring is synonymous with new growth and is a prime time for planting a wide range of vegetables and flowers.

Top Plants for Spring:

  • Carrots: Plant carrots in early spring for a summer harvest. They thrive in cool, loose soil.
  • Petunias: These vibrant flowers are ideal for garden beds and hanging baskets, offering prolonged blooming periods.
  • Cucumbers: As the soil warms, cucumbers grow rapidly and produce plentiful fruit.

Spring Preparation:

  • Soil Testing: Ensure your soil has the right pH and nutrient levels. Adjust with amendments if necessary.
  • Pruning: Prune existing plants to encourage new growth.
  • Weeding: Keep on top of weeds early in the season to reduce competition for nutrients and water.


Seasonal gardening requires understanding and adapting to the unique climate patterns of different regions in Australia. By planting the right crops at the right time and following proper care guidelines, you can ensure a vibrant, productive garden throughout the year. For a wide selection of seasonal plants, visit Wholesale Plants, your trusted source for quality gardening supplies.